"Home" and "Location": The Problem of Place as an Ethnic Identifier

Dr. Lynette Carter
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The instituionalised definition of ethnicity and ethnic group have effectively locked Maori tribal groups into "closed" static society structures that do not fit with the contemporary reality of iwi membership. The purpose of the paper is to examine how the changes wrought on Maori social structures through state-imposed definitons of tribalism have challenged the ability of tradtion-based kinship communities to maintain strong relationships between all their members.

Keywords: Maori, diaspora, kinship communties, ethnicity
Stream: Ethnicity, Difference, Identity
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: "Home" and "Location"

Dr. Lynette Carter

Lecturer, Department of Maori Studies, University of Auckland
New Zealand

Dr Carter's PhD, entitled 'Whakapapa and the state. Some case studies in the impact of of central government on traditionally organsied Maori groups,' studied the effect of imposed bureaucratic structures on the continuation of traditional systems of governance.
Recent publications include;
Carter, L.J.,2005, Another Ngai Tahu view on open societies and tribal groups. Refereed response to Tau T.M., Open soceities and Triabl Groups, in "Learning for Democracy" July 2005, Kings College London.
Waymouth, L.J.,2003, The Bureacratisation of genealogy, in "Ethnologies comparee" No. 6, 2003.[e-journal].
Carter L.J.,2005,Legitimising Indigenous knowledge in sustainable land development and use: Maori participation in Eco-system rehabilitation, in Conference prceedings, ESEH Conference, "History and sustainability", Florence, Italy, February 16-19, 2005.

Ref: H06P0022