How Ethics Meet Politics: A Jain Philosophical Model to Challenge the Machiavellian One
Jain philosophy epitomized in the Jain principles Ahimsa (non violence), Aparigraha (abstinence from personal possessions) and Anekanta (doctrine of open-mindedness) opposes the Machiavellian concept that the end justifies any means. Jainism is significant in the attempt to bring solutions to political conflicts as it lays down ethical standards that are for the uplift of the individual who is also a social being who enriches society in a mutual interaction. After examining and emphasizing the above Jain principles, we shall conclude that if a real change in political life is expected, the change will need to involve the mental attitude. That is, an internal change needs to take place within the self. Like Plato argued every type of international institution needs to require a virtue or morality or it will collapse. That is why, Jain thinkers believe that the means of Ahimsa or right conduct need to be appropriate to the ends of Ahimsa.
Keywords: Spiritual, Ethical, Solutions, Political, Conflicts
Dr. Helene Cristini
Professor, Professor of International Relations Theory, International University of Monaco