The Nature of Reconstruction and Reconcilaition Programs in Rwanda: The Place of Women

Prof Theodora O. Ayot
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This work puts forward the argument that the ultimate objective of reconciliation and reconstruction programs in a post conflict civil society should be the desire to bring people together. That the involvement of NGOs, Humanitarian assistance programs, and other international donor agents in collaboration with the national government must, out of necessity, enhance a process of rebuilding “social relationships,” bringing people together, breaking down the barriers and prejudices, which often play such a huge role in generating political, economic and social conflict in a civil society.

The work further interrogates the various reconstruction and reconciliation programs in an effort to assess the degree and the impact of their political, economic and social empowerment of women, and how women have translated and utilized this empowerment to mobilize and sensitize the grassroots as well as national levels as a means of combating the recidivist pressures that are likely to influence the recurrence of conflict. Specifically the work looks at the National Unity and Reconciliation Committee as one of the most important programs which was instituted by the Government of Rwanda in its attempts to deal with the challenging issues emanating from the rejection and violation of the humanistic moral code – thou shall not kill. It assesses the place of women in the National Unity and Reconciliation Committee and the impact of women’s efforts towards reconciliation and reconstruction in Rwanda.

Finally, in an attempt to determine whether internationalization of justice is likely to ensure reconciliation in Rwanda, the work critically analyzes the involvement of the various international powers in the context of globalization, collaboration and the paradox of political leadership.

Keywords: Rwanda
Stream: History, Historiography, Ethnicity, Difference, Identity
Presentation Type: Workshop Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Prof Theodora O. Ayot

History Professor, North Park univesity
Chicago, Illinois, USA

Ref: H06P0518