The Postcolonial Fable as Utopian Practice
While postcolonial studies have striven to deconstruct ideological legacies inside theoretical patterns inherited from Western, and interrogated this very deconstruction process inside the literary production, without considering the ideological nature of the postcolonialism itself, the goal of this paper is to show that the postcolonial project, becomes subject to a specific (or better singular) utopian practice, in as much as it is textually “realized” (that is, performed as real), and only realizable in texts by means of textual practices. According to the Michel de Certeau’s statements about oppositional practices in the historiographic order of discourse, the postcolonial “fable” designates the scriptural enactment which authorizes a subaltern “capture of speech” in postcolonial contexts. Utopian practices correspond here, following the work of Louis Marin (1973), to the discursive enactments which allows the inscription and figuration in a text of an ideological process, but in the same time its rewriting as critical response to a representational order.
Through examples of the francophone West Indian novelist Patrick Chamoiseau we would analyze several utopian strategies enacting in that texts to ideologically invest and reconstruct the Western corpuses of discourses on cultural identity, and especially anatomo-political ones, in a foucaldian sense.
Keywords: Postcolonial fable, Utopian practice, Louis Marin, Michel de Certeau
Ph.D candidate, Canada Research Chair in African Literatures and Francophonie
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