Islamist Groups, Occidentalist Discourse and the Muslim Ummah
This paper is based on interviews with members of Islamist groups (Hizb ut-Tahrir, Saviour sect, and al-Ghurabaa), and Muslims from the UK and minland Europe. However these groups are not only influential in the UK but are also prevalent in mainland Europe. It aims to look underneath the ready-made frameworks of understanding –provided by Islamist groups, western media representation of Muslims and geo-politics where Muslims are concerned. Through this process the paper aims to argue two things; firstly that Islamist groups are creating a politics for their members and non-members based on a binary opposite of Orientalism, which is Occidentalism and secondly they use this as a yardstick to measure the west in genral and specifically there country of residence. Moreover the latter point raises questions of accommodation of second/third generation minorities with such divergent views into the political structure of western democratic countries.
Keywords: Islamist, Occidentalist, Identity, Globalisation, Discourse, Islam, Muslim, West, Europe
PhD Student, PhD Student Department of Sociology