Effusion of Blood: The Depiction of Violence in Mexican and American Borderland Novels

Prof. Ramiro R. Rea
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These novels are the articulation of what Guha sites as the conceptualization of power as a complex matrix of Dominance by Coercion, Persuasion, Subordination, Collaboration, and Resistance. Crucial to Guha’s proposal is the double articulation of the matrix. As a result of this double discourse that is articulated, these novels render a third dimension, a space for violence. In many instances, these novels become a historical, theoretical, and political statement coming from people in a subaltern position. As Anibal Quijano and Immanuel Wallerstein point out: coloniality is something that transcends the particularities of historical colonialism and that does not vanish with independence and decolonization. This Dominance without Hegemony is the source of this double discourse that delineates Coloniality as a main character in these Borderland novels, and whose final role is the articulation of violence.

Novels such as In the Rogue’s Blood by James Carlos Blake, Streets of Laredo by Larry McMurtry, The Crystal Frontier by Carlos Fuentes, and La frontera huele a sangre by Ricardo Guzmán Wolffer, reveal and unravel the real experiences of postcolonial Borderland subjects. These postcolonial narratives become the dissemination of postcolonial-borderland life, whether presented in a diachronic or synchronic historical framework. These novels are designated “Testimonios”, nativist/subaltern epistemologies, forged on postcolonial modalities such as: creations of new identities, concepts of “race”, hybridity, dislocation, resistance, and exile. The double discourse of these novels deploy a bi-cultural/bi-lingual hybrid narrative which in its self connotes and affirms violence.

Keywords: Hybridity, Subaltern, Postcolonial, Decolonization, Guha, Anibal Quijano, Immanuel Wallerstien
Stream: Literature, Literary Studies
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Prof. Ramiro R. Rea

Department of Modern Languages and Literatures, The University of Texas-Pan American

Ref: H06P0562