A Climate of Fear: Violence and Strategies for Peace in Nigeria
Ethnic conflicts, religious violence, and incessant clashes over the control of economic resources have significantly weakened the unity, peace, and political sustainability as well as good governance of Nigeria. The more Nigeria strives to unite, the more violence tears the country apart. From all indications, Nigeria is a country under siege and Nigerians are living under a climate of fear. The period between 1999 and 2005 has been one of the most violent eras in Nigerian history. Violence has become more prevalent and more deadly. It has become the most acceptable means of response, even to trivial issues. How can Nigeria overcome the seemingly unstoppable acts of violence and have peace? This paper will examine some acts of violence and their implications. It will also suggest strategies for peace.
Keywords: Violence, Peace, Unity, Good Governance, Political Sustainability
Dr. Julius O. Adekunle
Associate Professor, Department of History and Anthropology, Monmouth University