Two Bodhisattvas: Buddha and Marx
After giving a sketch of humanistic Marxism and the "four noble truths" of Buddhism, I bring out some of the main similarities and differences of the two perspectives. E.g., that both perspectives are concerned with the reality of human suffering; that both see human beings as the makers of themselves; that both reject fatalism; that despite some differences, both offer complementary ways of understanding the spiritual dimension, and of transcending or greatly mitigating human suffering.
Keywords: Buddhism, Humanistic Marxism, Humans as Makers of Themselves, Human Suffering, External Conditions, Internal Conditions, Karma, Social Karma, Ego Self, Samsara, Unalienated Spirituality, Enlightenment
Dr. Kevin M. Brien
Professor of Philosopy and Religion, Department of Philosophy and Religion, Washington College