A Case for Emigration Barriers

Dr. Sharadchandra Jog
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Mainstream economists favor factor mobility for its efficiency enhancing potential & fault politicians for their failure to free the human resource. Because it promises opening up of lucrative opportunities, the third world leaders too rhyme in. But recent soulsearching on capital mobility & outsourcing goes counter to this. After a brief review of the considerations in the mobility of the human resource, assumed premises underlying the case are highlighted. An alternative approach is found in Gandhi's idea of swadeshi "..employers are to exhaust first … of local.. workers…. before hiring more suitable labour from (outside) similarily the workers would be more reluctant to leave a local(ity) ..for..attractive job offers else where".

I do not hope for conclusive evidence. It is nevertheless possible to construct simpler analogies in different areas(of migration)- as in the corporate sector, urban rural situations etc.- which, I believe, lead to telling indicators. I also point out some externalities concerning e.g. ecology. I include some implications of executive compensation & their productivity and examine alleged 'injustice' due to barriers.

On the basis of the above I see a need to extend the recent tendency to differentiate between `interests' (such as importers' & exporters', of the working & the unemployed..) to the cases of common ('public') & of groups, source & host, advanced & the developing countries' etc. I suggest that 'common interests' are better served by a lean -if not mean- US. A look at the patterns of value addition in the rich & poor countries reinforces this. I therefore call for shifting activities to the third world instead of HR to the first. I believe that genuine champions of the 'neglected' have more to learn from Mahatma Gandhi, who was overwhelmingly voted as the person of the century.

Keywords: Migration, Efficiency, Price
Stream: Globalisation, Immigration, Refugees, Race, Nation
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Dr. Sharadchandra Jog

Asstt Prof, Mech Engg Dept, Indian Institute of Technology Mumbai

2 years' industrial experience in new products, reliability improvement & cost reduction. A background in Mechanical Engineering

with a PhD in Gandhian Political Economy. He has been teaching since 1977

& is presently an Asstt. Prof at the Indian Institute of Technology,

Mumbai. He teaches basic courses in Engineering & has introduced electives

in Finance & the Stock Market, General Management and Gandhian Political

Economy. He has organized short term courses under the (national)Quality

Improvement Program (QIP)for teachers of Engg. Colleges in Design

Practice, Industrial Finance & Engineering Considerations in Drawing.

He has guided students for projects in the areas of finance, economics,

industrial engg, software, machine design. His main interest at

present is in development & the role of scitech.

Ref: H06P0572